Was ist Bujinkan?

Das Bujinkan wurde von Dr. Massaki Hatsumi Ende der siebziger Jahre gegründet, um die Prinzipien zu lehren, die zu einer emotionalen Balance und einem erfüllten Leben führen.
Das Bujinkan System vereint sechs Samurai- und drei klassische Ninjaschulen:

  • Gyokko Ryu Kosshijutsu, gegründet im 12. Jahrhundert. Prinzip: Das Herz des Kriegers ist wichtig und schön.
  • Koto Ryu Koppojutsu, gegründet im 16. Jahrhundert. Prinzip: Die Augen sind überall.
  • Takagi Yoshin Ryu Jutaijutsu, gegründet im 17. Jahrhundert. Prinzip: Eine Weide ist flexibel, aber ein hoher Baum ist zerbrechlich.
  • Shinden Fudo Ryu Dakentaijutsu, gegründet im 12. Jahrhundert. Das wichtigste Geheimnis ist das Erkennen des Wesens der Natur.
  • Kukishinden Ryu Happo Hikenjutsu, gegründet im 12. Jahrhundert. Diese Schule zeichnet sich durch den Gebrauch von Rüstungen und verschiedener traditioneller Waffen wie Stöcke, Schwerter, Lanzen etc. aus.
  • Gikan Ryu Koppojutsu, gegründet im 16. Jahrhundert. Prinzip: Der erste Schlag kommt nicht von dieser Seite.
  • Togakure Ryu Ninjutsu, gegründet im 12. Jahrhundert. Oberstes Prinzip: Gewalt muss vermieden werden.
  • Kumogakure Ryu Ninjutsu, gegründet im 16. Jahr-hundert. Prinzip: Gewalt vermeiden und Kulturen verstehen. Überleben ist besser als gewinnen.
  • Gyokushin Ryu Ninjutsu, Diese Schule verwendet Wurftechniken und konzentriert sich auf strategische und taktische Aspekte.

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Beginn
Das Training setzt sich zu Beginn hauptsächlich zusammen aus:

  • Taihenjutsu (Fallen, Rollen, Sprünge, Stellungen, Ausweichbewegungen etc.)
  • Dakentaijutsu (den Körper als Waffe Nutzen, d. h. Schläge/ Tritte mit Hand, Arm, Kopf, Fuß etc., um anzugreifen oder auf Angriffe zu reagieren)
  • Jutaijutsu (Anwendung und Vermeidung von Würfen, Hebeln, Würgen, Festhalten)

Bujinkan Budō Taijutsu training does not include participation in competitions or contests, as the school's training aims to develop the ability to protect oneself and others using techniques that focus on disabling an attacker (&/or removing their desire/ability to continue) as efficiently as possible.

This training is conducted in a manner in which there are predefined “attackers” (tori) and “receivers” (uke) similar to drills in judo (gokyo) or traditional Japanese martial arts. However, the Bujinkan differs from many traditional martial arts in that the training progresses through the following stages:

  • Predefined sets of movements (kata) and physical conditioning
    Variations to the fixed drills (henka), responding to changes in the attacker's movements or situation
  • Free form training (randori) consisting mostly of spur-of-the-moment, dynamic techniques during which the defender hits, locks, chokes or throws the attacker in a controlled and safe manner
  • More advanced training consists of controlling the attacker's mind using various techniques such as pain compliance and deception
  • Training is done in a manner that entails little risk of permanent injury.

The Bujinkan does not adhere to any official guideline or set of rules to limit actions or techniques used during training. The approach used in the Bujinkan includes gaining compliance through pain and utilising potentially damaging techniques in order to survive dangerous situations rather than focusing on winning a competition or evenly matched duel. As a result, many of the staple responses of a Bujinkan student would be inappropriate in most competitions.

The Bujinkan largely focuses on “taijutsu” (body movement / skills) as well as other skills of ninjutsu (ninpo tactics and strategies) and happo biken jutsu (various modern and traditional weapons) – this is The Bujinkan's branch of Kukishin-ryū

Taijutsu
Taijutsu (body combat art) is the Bujinkan system of unarmed defence using strikes, throws, holds, chokes and joint locks. It encompasses skill such as: koppo jutsu is the “way of attacking and/or using the skeletal structure”; “koshi jutsu” is the way of attacking muscles and weak points on the body; jutai jutsu is the “relaxed body method” teaching throwing, grappling and choking techniques and dakentai jutsu which emphasises strikes, kicks and blocks

The first levels of training, such as leaping, tumbling, break fall techniques and body conditioning, form the basis for taijutsu. They are needed to progress into other techniques such as unarmed combat and the use of tools and weapons. Once learned, Taijutsu techniques can be applied to any situation, armed or unarmed.

Tori and Uke
Training begins with two partners practicing pre-arranged forms (waza or kata) and then advancing to unlimited variations of those forms (henka). The basic pattern is for the Tori (Tori, or the person applying the technique) to initiate a technique against the person who receives the technique (Uke).

Ukemi and balance
Bujinkan taijutsu seeks to use body movement and positioning rather than strength to defeat the opponent. All techniques in Bujinkan taijutsu involve unbalancing the opponent while maintaining one's own balance. This is achieved by moving the opponent into inferior positions and manipulating their body along weak lines where it is difficult for the opponent to resist. The attacker continuously seeks to regain balance and cover vulnerabilities (such as an exposed side), while the defender uses position and timing to keep the attacker off balance and vulnerable. In more advanced training, the attacker will sometimes apply reversal techniques (返し技 kaeshi-waza) to regain balance and disable the defender.

Ukemi (受身) refers to the act of receiving a technique. Good ukemi involves a roll or breakfall to avoid pain or injury such as dislocation of a joint. Thus, learning to roll and breakfall effectively is key to safe training in taijutsu. Before receiving the 9th kyu (the lowest rank), a student must demonstrate the ability to roll smoothly in a variety of directions without exposing the neck to injury.

Physical conditioning
Junan taiso (junan meaning flexible) is a yogic method of stretching and breathing by means of which the Bujinkan practitioner may develop and maintain good physical condition and wellbeing. The exercises promote relaxation, blood circulation, muscle toning and flexibility, and form a core part of all training sessions. Junan taiso is a form of conditioning and preparation for the body. All major joints are rotated and stretched in a proper manner while healthy breathing and concentration are practiced.

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